Dr. Chris Desmond is a chief research specialist in the HIV/AIDS, STIs and TB (HAST) research program for the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) in Pretoria, South Africa. He holds an MCom in economics from the University of KwaZulu-Natal (formerly the University of Natal), and obtained a PhD in development studies from the London School of Economics in the United Kingdom. Previously, he was a research specialist at Harvard FXB Center and worked for the Health Economics and HIV/AIDS Research Division (HEARD) at the University of Natal. His areas of research interest include the implications of HIV and AIDS for children, economic evaluation of policy options, and early childhood development. Desmond’s publication record spans the authoring and co-authoring of more than 25 journal articles, book chapters and books. His most recent work was the The Cost of Inaction, published by Harvard FXB Center as the culmination to the Cost of Inaction project, spearheaded by Amartya Sen and Sudhir Anand. The project develops and applies a new approach to the economic evaluation of interventions. The pilot applications of this work focus on interventions for children affected by poverty and HIV/AIDS in Rwanda and Angola.