Jacqueline Bhabha, JD, MSc, Director of Research
Jacqueline Bhabha is a Professor of the Practice of Health and Human Rights at the Harvard School of Public Health, the Jeremiah Smith Jr. Lecturer in Law at Harvard Law School, the Director of the Harvard University Committee on Human Rights Studies, and a Lecturer in Public Policy at the Kennedy School. From 1997 to 2001 she directed the Human Rights Program at the University of Chicago. Prior to 1997, she was a practicing human rights lawyer in London and at the European Court of Human Rights in Strasbourg. She received a first class honors degree and an MSc from Oxford University and a JD from the College of Law in London. She has recently authored three reports entitled Seeking Asylum Alone about unaccompanied child asylum seekers. Her writings on issues of migration and asylum in Europe and the United States include a coauthored book, Women’s Movement: Women Under Immigration, Nationality and Refugee Law, an edited volume, Asylum Law And Practice in Europe and North America, and many articles, including “Internationalist Gatekeepers? The Tension Between Asylum Advocacy and Human Right”s and “The Citizenship Deficit: On Being a Citizen Child.” She is currently working on issues of child migration, smuggling and trafficking, and citizenship.
Theresa Betancourt, ScD, MA, Director, Research Program on Children and Global Adversity
Theresa Betancourt, ScD, MA, is Associate Professor of Child Health and Human Rights in the Department of Global Health and Population at the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH). Dr. Betancourt is a member of the François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights, where she directs the Research Program on Children and Global Adversity (RPGCA). Her central research interests include the developmental and psychosocial consequences of concentrated adversity on children and families, resilience and protective processes in child refugee mental health, health and human rights, and applied cross-cultural mental health research. Her research on resilience in children and families facing adversity is particularly aligned with examining consequences due to the two exceptions to recent improvements in child health globally: regions affected by armed conflict and regions affected by HIV/AIDS.
Dr. Betancourt is the Principal Investigator of an ongoing longitudinal study of former child soldiers in Sierra Leone (2002-present) and is leading a mixed-methods study in Rwanda to develop and test family-strengthening interventions for HIV/AIDS-affected children. In 2004-2005, Dr. Betancourt served as Co-PI of a randomized controlled trial of Group Interpersonal Therapy for the treatment of depression among war-affected adolescents in northern Uganda. In 2007, Dr. Betancourt was awarded a K01 Career Development Award from the National Institutes for Mental Health to study modifiable protective processes in the mental health of refugee children and adolescents. With this support, she is also conducting field research in Boston to assess mental health service needs and preferences among Somali Bantu refugees in the Boston metropolitan area. Dr. Betancourt’s research in India has involved collaboration with local NGOs such as Mobile Creches and FXB India and has focused on holistic models for analyzing child protection threats as well as tools for ensuring child-friendly infrastructure development projects.
Previously, Dr. Betancourt worked as a mental health clinician in both school and community settings and consulted on global children’s mental health issues for various international NGOs and United Nations agencies, including work with the United Nations Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict in 1999. She has written extensively on the mental health of children in adversity including recent articles in Child Development, The Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Social Science and Medicine.
Sarah Dougherty, JD, MPH, Research Associate
Sarah Dougherty is a research associate supporting a range of projects relating to the health and human rights of children and youth, including the Roma Adolescent Agency Initiative. Prior to joining the FXB Center, she worked for the Institute of Justice and Democracy in Haiti on its prison health advocacy and housing initiatives. She has also worked in the Domestic Violence Unit of the DC Courts and at the American Political Science Association’s Congressional Fellowship Program. She holds a Juris Doctor from Northeastern University School of Law and a Master of Public Health from Tufts University School of Medicine.
Arlan Fuller, JD, MA, Executive Director
Executive Director Arlan Fuller has experience in international policy, federal government operations, and legislative strategy. He has served as a public affairs consultant to the Formosan Association for Public Relations, a Taiwanese-American organization, where he worked with the Taiwanese government in coordinating their legislative efforts in the US Congress. He has also been a consultant to the Citizens Trade Campaign, where he advised grassroots labor and trade organizations on strategy for legislative campaigns regarding the Chile and Singapore Free Trade Agreements. He was the Legislative Assistant for international relations and trade policy to Congressman Sherrod Brown, a senior member of the House International Relations Committee. In this role, he was responsible for the Congressman’s policy campaign to increase USAID funding for anti-tuberculosis efforts as well as organizing a legislative and whipping strategy with the House Democratic Caucus on trade policy issues. Mr. Fuller also worked for Senator Edward Kennedy, serving on the Senator’s Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Committee staff, and focused on National Institutes of Health grants. Mr. Fuller received his BA in economics from the College of the Holy Cross. He holds a master’s degree in peace and conflict studies from the University of Ulster, Northern Ireland, and a JD from Boston College Law School.
Orla Kelly, MA, MBA, Research Associate
Orla Kelly is a Research Associate supporting Jacqueline Bhabha on her Gender and Adolescent Agency portfolio in India. Her research focuses primarily on access to education and gender empowerment. She joined the FXB Center in May 2010. Her previous experience includes research work with Human Rights Law Network, New Delhi and Google, Ireland. She holds a Masters in Human Rights Law and an MBA from University College Dublin.
Alicia Ely Yamin, JD, MPH, Director, Program on the Health Rights of Women and Children
Alicia Ely Yamin is a Lecturer on Global Health and Director of the Program on the Health Rights of Women and Children at the François-Xavier Bagnoud Center for Health and Human Rights at Harvard University.
Yamin’s twenty-year career at the intersection of health, human rights, and development has combined scholarship with engaged advocacy and policy work in relation to reproductive health and rights, across a number of regions. She currently oversees a ground-breaking, multi-country, mixed-methods qualitative and quantitative research study that will provide much greater understanding and opportunity for policy response with respect to the heretofore poorly understood impacts of maternal mortality on children, families, and communities in Tanzania, Ethiopia, Malawi, and South Africa.
Yamin has been at the forefront of advocacy regarding standard setting with respect to reproductive health and rights at the global level, the strategic use of courts in relation to promoting abortion and other aspects of reproductive rights, and the analysis of the effects of global development agendas, such as the MDGs, on reproductive health policies, funding and programming. She currently co-directs (with Sakiko Fukuda-Parr of the New School) a study entitled “The Power of Numbers: A Critical Review of MDG Targets for Human Development and Human Rights” that assesses the impact of MDG 5 relating to reproductive health, as well as other MDGs, on policy priorities of national governments, bilateral donors, multilateral agencies, and other stakeholders.
In addition to breaking new conceptual ground and adding to fields of knowledge in relation to reproductive health and rights, Yamin’s writing on rights-based approaches to health has been distinguished by its focus on operationalizing the broad normative concepts into meaningful tools for health practitioners. For example, in 2012, Yamin served as lead author for the “Technical guidance on the application of a human rights-based approach to the implementation of policies and programmes to reduce preventable maternal morbidity and mortality”, which is the first such concrete guidance for health policymakers on a rights-based approach to be adopted by resolution of the United Nations Human Rights Council through an inter-governmental process, and which sets a landmark precedent in terms of operationalizing rights-based approaches. Yamin is now actively engaged in a variety of research and advocacy projects relating to the implementation of the Technical Guidance.
Yamin regularly advises UN agencies on reproductive health and rights and development issues. She provided expert input into the UN Secretary General’s Global Strategy on Women’s and Children’s Health (2010), and served on the Advisory Panel for the 2011 Partnership for Maternal Newborn and Child Health Commitments Report, as well as the WHO Steering Group relating to Evidence of Impact of Rights-Based Approaches to Women’s and Children’s Health (2011-2013). She is also a member of the WHO-led initiative on equity in achieving universal health care and, in 2013, served on the Reference Group for the ICPD+20 International Thematic Consultation on Human Rights.
Yamin’s work is frequently cited by national and global entities, such as the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health, as well as by courts enforcing health rights, and she was appointed as an independent expert by the Colombian Constitutional Court in 2011 in relation to the implementation of a major judgment that restructured the health system. She also provides strategic advice as well as training to advocates and judges with respect to legal enforcement of reproductive and other health rights, including directing an annual, intensive course at Harvard.
Yamin is a graduate of Harvard College (summa cum laude), Harvard Law School (cum laude), and the Harvard School of Public Health, where she received both the Samdperil and François-Xavier Bagnoud Awards upon graduation.